Part ⅠWriting(30 minutes)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled On Chinese Workers-Paid Holidays. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

1. 有人认为“带薪休假”有很多好处??

2. 有人认为“带薪休假”落到实处很难

3. 你的观点及建议


Part ⅠWriting

On Chinese Workers’Paid Holidays

In 2007, the Chinese government released a draft that all employees of government organs, civil organizations, enterprises, and public-service institutions are entitled to take paid vacation after serving the same employer for one year. Some have sufficient faith that the paid holidays will improve the current tourism pattern. The new holiday scheme will give people more choices to make their holiday plans and thus it will greatly alleviate the pressure of transportation departments, security bodies, shopping malls,ect. during the current holiday boom.

Other people wonder if the new system will be available. It is likely to be a dream to have a paid holiday. Because the problem is that many people don’t dare to take long vacations. Competition is fierce. Nobody can afford a long holiday and leave the boss with an impression of not working as hard as others.

For me, I think it is necessary for, in future, the state to issue a regulation concerning Chinese workers-paid holidays. Stregthen the employers’ sense of the paid holidays. If they did so voluntarily, it will attract and retain employees. With these measures, it is expected that more employees in China are entitled to receive holiday pay for time off.


The Real-name Train Ticket Purchase System Launched


The Real-name Train Ticket Purchase System Launched

With the largest population in the world and an underdeveloped railway system, China is notorious for making train tickets particularly hard to purchase for ordinary citizens, especially during the Spring Festival when the railway is the primary means of transportation. As a result, ticket scalpers have proliferated, monopolizing a large quantity of tickets by either hiring people to buy tickets or conspiring with the ticket sellers within the railway stations.

As the entire nation’s outrage over ticket scarcity keeps mounting, the Chinese government has introduced the drastic measure that citizens purchase train tickets with valid personal IDs. The system is designed primarily to crack down on ticket scalpers whose business has developed into a major industry. By allowing each individual to buy only one ticket, the system seeks to make tickets accessible to people in real need, rather than controlled by a small number of profit-seeking and illegal scalpers.

However, this reformatory measure, while somewhat easing ticket scarcity, creates new problems. Buyers find the whole buying process troublesome and time-consuming. When boarding the train, the passenger who forgets to bring his valid ID certificate will be denied access to the train. I believe the introduction of each new system is coupled with shortcomings and there must be ways to improve the system as it is enforced. Of course, we look forward to the day when China’s railway networks are so sufficiently developed that tickets are readily available to anyone at any time.


1. an underdeveloped railway system欠发达的铁路系统

2. primary means of transportation主要的交通手段

3. ticket scalper票贩子,黄牛

4. conspire with与??勾结

5. drastic measure重大的举措

6. crack down on ticket scalpers打击倒卖车票的黄牛党

7. develop into a major industry形成一个庞大的产业

8. reformatory measure改革性举措

9. ease ticket scarcity缓解票源紧缺

10. troublesome and time-consuming繁琐、耗时

11. be denied access to the train被禁止上车

12. be coupled with与??结合,与??连接,与??配合

Extravagant Spending on College Campus. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:





本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第1点指 出校园内的一种现象,提纲第2点要求分析产生该现象的原因,提纲第3点要 求谈谈“我”的看法,由此可判断本文应为现象 解释型作文。

根据所给提纲,本文应包含如下内容:描述大学生花钱没有节制的现象;分析导致大学生这种消费习惯的 原因;阐述“我”对大学生消费观的看法。

Extravagant Spending on College Campus

According to a survey, in recent years the monthly expenditure of a college student has been on the sharp rise. Many college students spend money like water and have no concept of thrift in their mind. They take it for granted that they spend money from their parents before they enter into the society. This extravagant spending is mainly caused by the following factors.

First of all, nowadays most of students are the only children of their families. They are the apple in their family’s eyes and naturally get more care and pocket money. Secondly, with the improvement of living standard, parents can afford higher expenditure of their children. Thirdly, some students like to pursue fashion and trends, which tends to need more money. Finally, campus love is also a possible factor causing extravagant spending.

From my point of view, a college student, as a pure consumer, should learn to be thrifty. We should limit our expenditure on daily necessities but not buy whatever we want regardless of their prices. The habit of thrift can help us form right values and is favorable to our future development.

People Migrate to Another Country? You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese):




本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第1点要 求描述近年来社会上出现的一种现象,提纲第2点要求分析出现这种现象的原因,提纲第3点则要求阐述“我”的看法,由此可判断本文应为现象解释型作文。

根据所给提纲,本文应包含以下内容:描述近年来越来越多的人移居到国外的现象;分析其产生的原因; 阐述“我”的观点。

Why People Migrate to Another Country?

Many people choose to live in a foreign country, which has aroused great concern. Nowadays, more and more people, especially plenty of intellectuals, migrate to some developed countries, such as America, England and Canada. In addition, there are still many people studying and working in foreign countries struggling for “green cards”. There are many reasons accounting for this phenomenon.

Among all these factors, pursuing high-quality life plays a critical role. Moreover, most of them migrate to some foreign countries with a view to making their children receive good education there. Besides, some people just want to experience a different culture they like. All these above factors contribute to their choice to migrate to another country.

As far as I am concerned, though I enjoy various cultures all over the world, I won’t migrate to another country. For one thing, I don’t like to live far from my friends and relatives. For another, I can’t bear to speak and listen to a foreign language from day to night. In a word, everyone has his right to decide where to live, and everyone’s choice should be respected.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Social Practice of College Students. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:





本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第1点指 出一种现象,提纲第2点要求分析这种现象带来的好处,提纲第3点要 求指出注意事项,由此可判断本文应为现象解释型作文。

根据所给提纲,本文应包含如下内容:概述大学生社会实践活动及其主要内容;分析社会实践活动给大学 生带来的好处;指出大学生参加社会实践时应该注意些什么。

Social Practice of College Students

Nowadays many universities encourage and organize students to take part in social practice activities. During the holidays, more and more students choose to be the volunteers, take part-time jobs, or take part in other practical activities alike. It’s obvious that social practice is playing a more and more important role in China’s college education.

Undoubtedly, college students have benefited a lot from social practice. Above all, they are provided with more opportunities to contact the real world outside the campus. Moreover, in social practice activities, students can apply their knowledge to the solution to the practical problems. So their practical skills are improved greatly. Besides, social practice helps strengthen students’ sense of social responsibility.

Considering the above-mentioned, I think, it is necessary for college students to participate in social practice. However, social practice may bring some problems. For example, some students spend too much time in taking part-time jobs so as to ignore their study. Therefore, we should try to balance the relationship between social practice and study.


1.Green Food

As more and more people focus on health diet, green food has begun to draw more and more attention by the public. In recent years, the market demand for green food has increased dramatically, and all kinds

of green food have emerged in an endless stream(源源不断地出现). Why does green food become so popular in China? Above all, compared with ordinary food, green food is more health, safer and more nutrition. Moreover, nowadays, many vegetables are polluted because of the usage of agricultural chemicals, while green food is free of pollution(无污染). Besides, with the improvement of the living standards, more people can afford a healthier but more expensive lifestyle. So green food, despite its higher price, still becomes people’s favorite food.

However, nowadays the market is full of real and fake green food, making many consumers confused. Therefore, the government must strengthen the supervision and administration of green food market. Besides, consumers should increase the knowledge of green food. Only in this way can green food play a more positive role in people’s life. 翻译:随着越来越多的人关注健康饮食,绿色食品已开始越来越受到公众的关注。近年来,绿色食品的市场需求量急剧增加,各种绿色食品层出不穷(源源不断地出现)。




2.To Become a Specialist or a Generalist

When it comes to whether a studentshould become a specialist or a generalist, there is no complete agreement among people. Some people think that it is best for college students to focuson developing skills in one field to become a specialist. However, others maintain that a versatile generalist is more welcomed in the competitive jobmarket. Those people who hold the former opinion believe that it is impossible to demand college students to become an all-round generalist within four years. In addition, with increasing elaboration ofsocial division, the specialists are in more urgent need. However, still others advocate the different opinion. They hold that college students should stretch themselves to as many fields as possible to adapt to the increasingly fierce competition. Besides, generalists are highly demanded in the

information age.

Personally, I am in favor of the former opinion. I don’t think it is

advisable that college students equally spend their time and energy on several fields. Besides, the development of high-techneeds specialists. Therefore, I think to be a specialist is the right choicefor most students. 翻译:当谈到学生是否应该成为一个专家或通才,没有完全一致的人们当中。有些人认为大学生把重点放在培养一个领域的技能上成为专家。然而,其他人认为是一个多才多艺的通才更受欢迎在竞争激烈的就业市场。



3.Should Class Attendance be Required

Nowadays required class attendance is very common at colleges and universities. Most people take it for granted that students should

attend all the classes required by school. However still some others do not agree with this argument. They don't think it should be compulsory

for students to attend class. As for me, I'm in favor of the latter opinion. The following reasons can account for my preference. First, the rigid attendance policy does not benefit students' studies. For

example, a student may have to give up a lecture which he finds useful to his studies simply because he dare not run the rest of being

penalized for his absence in his course. Second,the lectures of some teachers are not always constructive. A student should be allowed to tell for himself whether an inclass experience is worthwhile. Finally and most importantly, there is no proving and correlation between class attendance and academic performance. A student may never be absent in a course, but who knows whether or not he is just sitting there daydreaming all the time. In conclusion, class attendance may secure one hundred percent attendance for a course.But it is not really beneficial to us. As college students we should learn to make the right decisions for ourselves about whether to attend a class.




As the pace of modern life continues to quicken,pressure seems to be on the increase all the time.As a student, have bound pressure, as a company's staff has promoted the pressure, as a parent, has the life of pressure .Pressure everywhere As a student ,we often meet many problems in our study and we fell worried sometimes.Also, we often get a lot of pressure from our teachers and parents,we know that they say a lot to us just because they are care about us.So it is important for us to find a way to solve our problems.But what should we do ?First,we should be confident.We should believe that we can do better.Also, when we meet problems and fell worried ,we could talk to friends or chat with our parents,that is a good way to relax.Another thing that is important is learn to relax,stop to have a rest sometimes can make us fell better,and help us do better in study,so when you are really tired,stop to do something you like. Pressure is not terrible.My motto is things will eventually sort themselves out .I believe that through our



良好的开端等于成功的一半.在写作文时,通常以最简单也最常用的方式—开门见山法。也就是说, 直截了当地提出你对这个问题的看法或要求,点出文章的中心思想。


A. Just as every coin has two sides, carshave both advantages and disadvantages.

B.Compared to/ In comparison with letters, e-mails are more convenient.

C. When itcomes to computers, some people think they have brought us a lot ofconvenience. However,…

D.Opinions are divided on the advantages and disadvantages of living in the cityand in the countryside.

E. As isknown to all/ As we all know, computers have played an important role/part inour daily life.

F. Why doyou go to university? Different people have different points of view.

2. 书信:

A. I amwriting to you to apply for admission to your university as a visiting scholar.

B. I readan advertisement in today’s China Daily and I apply for the job…

C. Thankyou for your letter of May 5.

D. Howhappy I am to receive your letter of January 9.

E. Hownice to hear from you again.

3. 口头通知或介绍情况:

A. Ladiesand gentlemen, May I have your attention, please. I have an announcement tomake.

B.Attention, please. I have something important to tell you.

C. Mr.Green, Welcome to our school. To begin with, let me introduce Mr. Wang to you.

4. 演讲稿:

A. Ladiesand gentlemen, I feel very much honored to have a chance here to make a speechon the subject — A Balance Diet and Health.

B. Goodmorning everyone! Allow me, first of all, on behalf of all present here, toextend our warm welcome and cordial greeting to our distinguished guest.


as wellas, not only…but (also), including,

A. Notonly do computers play an important part in science and technology, but alsoplay an informative role in our daily life.

B. All ofus, including the teachers / the teachers included, will attend the lecture.

C. Hespeaks French as well as English.=He speaks English, and French as well.=He speaks not only English but alsoFrench.

D. E-mail,as well as telephones, is playing an important part in daily communication.


on onehand ,on the other hand, on thecontrary/contrary to …, though, for one thing ;for another, nevertheless

A. I know the Internet can only be used at home or in the office, but on the other hand,it is becoming more and more popular for much information as well as clear andvivid pictures.

B. It ishard work; I enjoy it though.

C.Contrary to what I had originally thought, the trip turned out to be fun.

四. 递进用语:

even,besides, what’s more, as for, so…that…,worse still, moreover, furthermore; but for, in addition, to make matters worse

A. Thehouse is too small for a family of four, and furthermore/besides/what’smore/moreover /in addition/worse still , it is in a bad location.

五. 例证用语:

in one’sopinion, that is to say, for example, for instance, as a matter of fact,in fact, namely

A. As a matter of fact, advertisement playsan informative role in our daily life.

B. Thereis one more topic to discuss, namely/that is ( to say ), the question ofeducation.

六. 时序用语:

first/firstly,meanwhile, before long, ever since, while, at the same time, in the meantime,shortly after, nowadays,

A. Theywill be here soon. Meanwhile, let’s have coffee.

B. Firstly, let me deal with the most important difficulty.

七. 强调用语:

especially,indeed, at least, at the most, What in the world/on earth.. , not at all ,

A. Noiseis unpleasant, especially when you are trying to sleep.

B What inthe world/on earth are you doing?

八. 因果用语:

thanks to,because, as a result, because of/as a result of , without, with the help of…,owe …to…

A. Thecompany has a successful year, thanks mainly to the improvement in exportsales.

B. As aresult, many of us succeeded in passing the College Entrance Examinations.

九. 总结用语:

in short;briefly/ in brief ; generally speaking, in a word, as you know, as is known toall

A.Generally speaking, sending an e-mail is more convenient than sending letters.

B. Inshort, measures must be taken to prevent the environment being polluted.



1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There aredifferent opinions among people as to……Some people suggest that ……

2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多


There is an old saying……It's the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correctin many cases even today.

3. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。

Today, …… whichhave brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, …… Second,……Whatmakes things worse is that…….

4. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。 Nowadays,it is common to ……. Many people like …… because ……


5. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。 Everything has two sides and …… is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

6. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,…… People’sopinions about …… vary from person to person. Some people say that ……To them,……

7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。

Man is nowfacing a big problem …… which is becoming more and more serious.

8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。 ……has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heateddebates are right on their way.

9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

……has been playing an increasingly importantrole in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar


can be seen that……while. Obviously,……but why?


1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of……t the same time,they say……

2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。

But I don't think it is a very good way tosolve …….For example,……Worst of all,…….

3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……

……is necessary and important to our country'sdevelopment and construction. First,……What's more, ……Mostimportant of all,……

4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。

There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can……

5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with……we should take a series of effective measures to……. For one thing,For another,

6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。 It is high time that something was done about it. For example. ……In addition.……All

these measures will certainly…….

7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……

Why…… The first reason is that ……The second reason is ……The

third is…….For all this, the main cause of ……use to …….

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